Yoga is one of the traditional physical, mental and spiritual sciences that originated in ancient India about 5000 years ago according to the archaeological evidence .By nature it is a secretive teachings of divine origin which were earlier recorded on fragile palm leaves that were easily damaged, destroyed or lost and is be lived to be thousands of years older then the evidence we have. The word yoga was first mentioned in the oldest sacred texts, the Rig Veda. The Vedas were a collection of texts containing songs, mantras and rituals to be used by Brahmans, the Vedic priests. Yoga was slowly refined and developed by the Brahmans and Rishis (mystic seers) who documented their practices and beliefs in over 200 scriptures. The most renowned of the Yogic scriptures is the Bhagavad Gita, composed around 500 B.C.E.
The word, yoga, comes from the Sanskrit yuj, which means “to yoke.” Thus, yoga is the practice that aims to join the mind, body and spirit. The most popular definition of yoga is given by sage Pathanjali who formulated 196 aphorisms about yoga which explains various stages ,difficulties in practice ,means to trainband it and achieve the ultimate goal. “Yogas chitta vritti nirodha” is Patanjali’s definition of yoga. It means that yoga is the removing of the fluctuations of the mind. ultimate goal of yoga is to achieve liberation.
Yoga is most often equated and limited to physical practice of asanas, particularly stretching exercises to build flexibility and relax the body. However, this is only one aspect of yoga as asana practice is just one of the “eight limbs” of yoga as listed in Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras .These eight limbs are:
There are many different paths of yoga, including Bhakti yoga, Karma yoga and Jnana yoga,and many others. But all are rooted in the yamas and niyamas, and have the same goal of samadhi.
The benefits of doing yoga cannot be quantified. But broadly the benefits of yoga can be enumerated as fallows.
One trainbands to a super human level and an overall positive change in personality can be visible in the person.
Yoga as a therapy has immense benefits in all the levels of care.At the primary level it acts as a effective preventive tool. At the secondary level it helps to correct the imbalances within and harmonises the internal functions It helps to overcome the pain ,anxiety and sufferings of the incurable in the tertiary level. It has been proved an effective tools to combat stress related disorders for all ages. The magnitude of benefit about using yoga as a therapy is being understood and may take a long long time to know it completely.
Today, yoga is thoroughly globalised phenomenon. Yoga has taken the world by storm and is gaining popularity day by day. In short, yoga suggests a number of ways to achieve a calm peaceful mind which is the most important thing in the present day. Yoga helps us to understand that happiness is that state of mind and is purely personal which can be achieved by proper practice of yoga.